New drug could be safer, non-addictive alternative to morphine

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Date: January 28, 2016 Source: Tulane University Summary: A painkiller has been developed that is in the same manner with strong as morphine but isn’t to be expected to be addictive and with fewer edge effects, according to a new study. Opium-based drugs are the ruling treatments for severe and chronic heartache, but they can be highly addictive. Their lash results in thousands of overdose deaths in the United States year by year.

Researchers at Tulane University and Southeast Louisiana Veterans Health Care System bear developed a painkiller that is in the same proportion that strong as morphine but isn’t pleasing to be addictive and with fewer sect effects, according to a new study in the journalNeuropharmacology.

Using rats, scientists compared individual engineered variants of the neurochemical endomorphin, that is found naturally in the visible form, to morphine to measure their effectiveness and espouse a cause effects. The peptide-based drugs target the same pain-relieving opioid receptor while morphine.

Opium-based drugs are the leading treatments for severe and chronic afflict, but they can be highly addictive. Their cajole results in thousands of overdose deaths in the United States yearly. They can cause motor impairment and potentially fatal respiratory depression. Patients also build up tolerance over time, increasing the risk by reason of abuse and overdose.

“These side movables were absent or reduced with the strange drug,” said lead investigator James Zadina, VA older research career scientist and professor of medicament, pharmacology and neuroscience at Tulane University School of Medicine. “It’s new for a peptide to deliver in the same state powerful pain relief with so not many side effects.”

In the study, the of the present day endomorphin drug produced longer pain aid without substantially slowing breathing in rats; a similarly efficacious dosage of morphine produced significant respiratory lowness of spirits. Impairment of motor coordination, which have power to be of particular importance to older adults, was indicative after morphine but not with the endomorphin deaden with narcotics.

The new drug produced far smaller tolerance than morphine and did not prolong spinal glial cell activation, an seditious effect of morphine known to contribute to tolerance.

Scientists conducted several experiments to ordeal whether the drug would be addictive. One showed that for all that rats would spend more time in a section where they had received morphine, the starting a~ drug did not affect this mien. Another test showed that when the exert ~ure of a bar produced an instil lation of drug, the rats only increased efforts to get morphine and not the new remedy. The tests are predictive of human drug abuse, Zadina said.

Researchers hope to set about human clinical trials of the newly come drug within the next two years.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160128155006.htm

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