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In 1964, the at the outset agency established in Nigeria to act being of the kind which electoral umpire was called Federal Electoral Commission (FEC), it was vary on November, 1976 by President Olusegun Obasanjo to (FEDECO) Federal Electoral Commission, Later to National Electoral Commission in 1987, And since called Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) established in 1998. It was headed ~ means of the following Nigerians.
Ayo Ita Esua 1964-1966
Mr. Esua was born in successi~ 14th January, 1901. He was a preacher and unionist; he served as the fist General Secretary of Nigeria Union of Teacher from 1943 cultivate 1964. He headed FEC to handling of the 1964 December british legislature elections, which was held on December 30, were marred by controversies. As a result, the election held on March 18, 1965, in Easter Region, Lagos and Mid-Western Region were announced Nigerians alleging underhanded played and there was violence thwart the country making two members of the allowance to resign after disagreed with Esau. The care conducted the Western Region elections , Esau admitted the body would never be able to clutch free and fair polls, these allowed the in the ~ place military coup in Nigeria headed ~ means of Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu. The failed electoral transaction led to the destroyed of principal Republic in Nigeria. Esau left the duty on saddle note, he died in 1973.
Michael Ani 1976-1979
The soldiery held power for ten (10) years promises to go the nation to democratic government failed. The era of Olusegun Obasanjo initiated moves conducive to civil rule. It established the Federal Electoral Commission up~ 15 November, 1976 and appointed Michael Ani to ~-piece the commission to conduct election. He was born steady November 30, 1917 and just apart from the civic service when he was appointed.
Ani oversaw the August 1979 presidential discrimination, the following parties were contested ; Obafemi Awolowo, Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN); Shehu Shagari of National Party of Nigeria (NPN); Nnamdi Azikiwe of Nigeria People’s Party (NPP); Waziri Ibrahim of Greater Nigeria People’s Party (GNPP) and Aminu Kano of People Redemption Party (NPP). The duty announced Shagari as the winner if it were not that Awolowo went to court but not to be found out due to Ani’s signification of the contentious degree that expected a winner to get possession of ‘’one quarter of votes fling in at least two thirds of the commonwealth of the federation’’. That secondary republic was terminated by military takeover that brought Gen Muhammadu Buhari.
Victor Ovie-Whisky (1980-1983)
Ovie was handed superior FEDECO before Buhari coup; he is the main Judge of Bendle State when he was appointed by President Shehu Shagari. He conducted the 1983 indefinite elections which were marred by irregularities and manipulation in the manner that a result of discontent in a uncultivated. Ovie said, ‘he was pleased by the process’, stated ‘’we did not expect to be perfect’’. H rejected called toward being compromised, claiming he would weak if he were to see N1 very great number cash. He dies on 18 July, 2012 at decline of life 89. Some observers of the liberty said the poor handling of the elections sowed the seeds that led to the collapsed of secondary republic.
Eme Awa (1987-1989)
Eme Awa was a professor of national science appointed by Ibrahim Babaginda taken in the character of chairman of the National Electoral Commission of Nigeria (NECON). He conducted the 1987 limited government election and his integrity were inquiry over ambiguous voter and overcrowded polling form a league marred the election. His supporter related he couldn’t have done any better because he was new ~ward the job and didn’t unite any structure. He was the pristine electoral umpire to resign from employment after a brat with president. Awa die in Holy Cross Hospital in United States of America in March 2000 at century 79.
Humphry Nwosu (1989-1993)
Nwosu conducted the June 12 1993 believed to subsist the free and fairest in the people history but stopped not to spread abroad the result and was dismissed by President Ibrahim Babangida. Nwosu as and electoral judge introduced option A4 voting system and was widely accepted. In 2008, he published a book where he exonerates Babangida from the cancellation of the polls. He was widely criticized according to not given clear picture of what happened in June 12 polls.
Okon Eya (June1993-November 19, 1993)
Eya a professor of narration at the University of Calabar was appointed ~ dint of. Banangida to replaced Nwosu after the June 12 critical situation. He was to conduct a starting a~ presidential election after the annulled June 12 elections ~ the agency of March 1994. He was sacked which time General Sani Abacha took over might and was later appointed Deputy V c and Acting depravity-chancellor of the University of Calabar. His date was the shortest in the rule of electoral umpire.
Sumner Dangogo-Jack (1994-1998).
Dangogo-Jack was born forward 1930, a member of the Nwosu-led (NECON) from 1989 to 1993, he was appointed through Abacha to oversee the transition from army to civilian rules. The five national parties register for the election adopted Abacha taken in the character of their presidential candidate. NECON conducted the local government and National Assembly polls further the death of Abacha on June 8 1993 stopped the plot of the commission. As Abacha passed adhering, Sumner also disappeared into thin aspect. But his critics said it appeared he worked greater degree of towards the transmutation of the militia dictator to civilian president.
Epharim Akpata (1998-January 2000)
Justice Ephraim Akpata was born put ~ 1927, a retired Justice of Supreme Court was appointed ~ means of General Abdulsalam Abubakar to head the newly INEC from. He insisted that solitary parties who have won at minutest ten seats in Local government and parties with National spread would contest National Assembly and presidential elections. This helped to extirpate out small parties leading to the arrangement of the defunct party All People squad (APP), Alliance for Democracy (AD) and People Democratic Party (PDP). The freewill of 1998 local government he oversaw was passable and peaceful.
Akpata conducted the 1999 alternative that led to the emergence of President Olusegun Obasanjo. He was the primitive chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission and likewise the first electoral umpire to die in service on January 8 2000 at 72.
Abel Guobadia (2000-2005)
Abel a author administrator was appointed by Olusegun Obasanjo to refund the deceased Akpata and was confirmed through the senate in May 2000. Abel conducted the 2003 presidential power to choose that led to Obasabjo’s re-s~. The election was widely acclaimed not bountiful and fair as a result of infuriate in the country. He was known viewed like the first electoral chief to run out his tenure in the people since independence. After retired from INEC, he died adhering February 4, 2011 at 78.
Maurice Iwu (June 2005-28 April 2010)
Iwu a professor of Pharmacology was in the ~ place appointed in 2003 as Resident Commissioner instead of Imo and later chief electoral officer after the retirement of Guobadia in June 2005 ~ dint of. Obasanjo. He was the chief referee for 2007 general polls. The freewill he oversaw was being described at the same time that the most flawed in the record of the country. The late president Musa Yar’Adua, who was the winner in the polls, declared the process that brought him to corporation was flawed. His critics’ belief that Iwu declared in the sight of the election that ‘’alone foreign observers will be allowed why local observer would not be allowed to monitors the polls’. To them, that was the origin of manipulations. This make the political society groups called for his dismission. On April 28, 2010, acting president Goodluck Jonathan yielded the invitation and removed Iwu from office.
ATTAHIRU JEGA (June 2010-2015)
Jiga was the Vice Chancellor of Ado Bayero University Kano, when he was appointed to head INEC. He is in the usual course of things seen as an upright academic with strong ethical values and as a portion of Justice Muhammed Uwais Electoral Reform Committee, Who has perception of the election debacle in the Nation. He was appointed by President Goodluck Jonathan after approval ~ dint of. a meeting of the National Council of State meeting.
Jega’s conducted the 2011 of the whole election that led to the distinction of President Jonathan. The election was applauded hospitable and fair. In 20015, Jega supervised the catholic election that produced Muhammadu Buhari. He introduced the Permanent Voter Cards (PVC) and biometric registration that was believed reduced incidents of electoral stratagem. Jiga is perceived as Nigeria’s biggest electoral reformer.
The earth is now waiting to see who power of determination take over from Jiga as he retires from the office on June 30, 2015.
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