Preparation of Medicine from Honey: Leaf from one Arabic translation of the Materia Medica of Dioscorides, dated 1224 Baghdad School (Image: Metropolitan Museum of Art)
The drug of medieval Islamic civilization was originally derived from Greek medicine, particularly the piece of Hippocrates and Galen. Among the momentous contribution of Islamic civilization to drug was the establishment of the hospital to behave toward patients and train physicians, although hospices despite the sick, the poor, and the travellers had existed inasmuch as the Byzantine times.
Hospitals were established ~ means of caliphs, court officials, and wealthy individuals. Hospital income, derived from endowments under the repress of a board of trustees, on these terms for the salaries of the medicinal staff as well as provisions for the patients. Endowments were religiously motivated, by reason of charitable acts are greatly emphasized in the Qur’each. The first hospital in the Muslim globe was established in Baghdad by Harun al-Rashid (r. 786-809); it was modeled succeeding the bimaristan (hospital) in Jundishapur – some ancient city founded in 260 which was a major centre of knowledge and science. Its medical school, hospital, pharmacology laboratory, observatory, and library influenced following civilizations. The Adudi hospital, founded in 982 by the ruler Adud al-Dawla in Baghdad, employed physicians in the same manner with well as specialists such as ophthalmologists, surgeons, and orthopedists.
During the Fatimid round of years (909-1171), hospitals were well equipped with food and medicine for the apothecary shop, and had lecture halls to act as ~er health professionals. In Al-Fustat (Old Cairo) in that place was a generously endowed hospital, Al-Bimaristan Al- ‘Atiq, in addition known as the ‘Upper’ in the same proportion that compared to a later one, located downtown, called the ‘Lower’ (built in 957). With a well-furnished library, scold halls, and bath-halls for men and women, the Upper hospital continued its services to the community’s hale condition and educational needs for almost four centuries.
The Fatimid race of rulers reached its zenith after moving the bottom of administration from Tunisia to Cairo. Its Caliphs generously encouraged large knowledge and a number of prominent physicians thrived for the time of this era, making valuable contributions to the disentanglement of modern science.
Building on the oral report of caring for the sick and promoting prophylactic measures, Imam Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan III established various medical centres and maternity homes in the Indian subcontinent and East Africa. Mawlana Hazar Imam reflected in successi~ the trajectory of medical advancement:
“We can trace that pathway back a thousand years – to the great hospitals that were founded in Cairo ~ dint of. my ancestors, the Fatimid Imam-Caliphs of Egypt. More not long ago, we remember the founding – more 53 years ago – of the Aga Khan Hospital to this place in Nairobi. That event was concern of the Platinum Jubilee of my late grandfather, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah.”*
Continuing the oral report of providing good health care, Mawlana Hazar Imam established the Aga Khan Health Services (AKHS) subject to the aegis of the Aga Khan Development Network. The AKHS, “operating from one to another 200 health facilities including nine hospitals, is unit of the most comprehensive private not-conducive to-profit health care systems in the developing world”**.
* Remarks made at the Inauguration of the Heart and Cancer Centre, Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, July 25, 2011. Speech at Press Centre, AKDN
**Aga Khan Health Services
Alnoor Dhanani, Muslim Philosophy and the Sciences, The Muslim Almanac Edited ~ dint of. Azim A. Nanji, Gale Research Inc. Detroit, 1996
Compiled ~ means of Nimira Dewji
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