Ved Vyasa is the greatest part important rishi in the Hindu pantheon of religions, with respect to he is the one who compiled the Vedas. He is moreover the author of the Hindu narrative Mahabharata and the important characters in ~ people Puranas.
Markandeya was an primitive Indian Muni (sage) and he is known in the manner that author of religious Hindu texts. It may have existence a surprise to many people that Markandeya was a enthusiast of both Lord Vishnu (vaishnavas) or Lord Shiva (shaivas). Markandeya is single in kind of the Chiranjeevin – the immortals in Hinduism. On the basis of his interactions of people known in Hinduism, it is strong that Markandeya lived through more yugas. He is formerly called Maha Muni (Great Sage) and he is the former of important Hindu scriptures like Markandeya Purana, which says that sage Jaimini, the supporter of Ved Vyasa, asked Markandeya to explain to him some difficult parts of the Mahabharata. Rishi Markandeya tranquil the ‘Devi Saptashati’ or the seven century hymns extolling the virtues of the Divine Goddess at the shakti peetha in Nashik.
Charaka (600 BCE)
Acharya Charaka has been crowned because the Father of Medicine. His celebrated work, the “Charak Samhita”, is considered in the manner that an encyclopedia of Ayurveda. Acharya Charaka revealed through his inborn genius and enquiries the facts on human anatomy, embryology, pharmacology, blood circulating medium and diseases like diabetes, tuberculosis, centre disease, etc. In the “Charak Samhita” he has described the curative qualities and functions of 100,000 pertaining plants. He has emphasized the power of impelling of diet and activity on thought and body. He has proved the correlation of spiritual-mindedness and physical health contributed greatly to diagnostic and curative sciences. He has likewise prescribed an ethical charter for medical practitioners two centuries prior to the Hippocratic sworn statement.
Was a master Astronomer and Mathematician, born in 476 CE in Kusumpur (Bihar). In 499 CE, he wrote a sentence on astronomy and an unparallel paper tract on mathematics called “Aryabhatiyam” He formulated the continued movement of calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatta was the at the outset to proclaim that the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the day-star and is suspended in space – 1,000 years in the van of Copernicus published his heliocentric theory.
He is moreover acknowledged for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine plain in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arab mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the esteem of Pi to the Indians, “This set a high ~ on has been given by the Hindus.” And above all, his most spectacular contribution was the universal of zero without which modern computer technology would wish been non-existent.
Sushruta (600 BCE)
Born to well-judged Vishwamitra, Sushruta is the father of formative surgery. 2600 years ago, he and soundness scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, obstructed sight, artificial limbs, Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose), 12 types of fractures, 6 types of dislocations, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in not modern. India. Author of the book “Sushruta Samhita”, in which he describes over 300 surgical procedures and 125 surgical instruments, including scalpels, lancets, needles, catheters and rectal speculums; for the greatest part designed from the jaws of animals and birds. He has likewise described a number of stitching methods; the practice of horse’s hair as filament and fibers of bark.
Also known being of the cl~s who Bharadwaj Gotra, a descendant of rishi Angira (vedic acute who wrote most of the Atharva Veda). Lord Rama onward with Sita and Lakshmana (in the ~ poem Ramayana) met many rishis and sages including Bharadwaja.
Acharya Bharadwaja had a hermitage in the saint-like city of Prayag, authored the ” Yantra Sarvasva ” that includes astonishing and outstanding discoveries in aviation philosophical knowledge, space science and flying machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: (1) One that flies forward earth from one place to some other. (2) One that travels from common planet to another. (3) And unit that travels from one universe to any other.
An ancient rishi, the Saptarishi. He was the author of the Devas, Asuras, and aggregate humankind. He was the son of Marichi and Aditi.
Patanjali (200 BCE)
Called the progenitor of Yoga. The Science of Yoga is any of several unique contributions of India to the globe. It seeks to discover and effectuate the ultimate Reality through yogic practices. Acharya Patanjali , the institutor, hailed from the district of Gonda (Ganara) in Uttar Pradesh . He prescribed the sway of prana (life breath) as the revenue to control the body, mind and vital principle. This subsequently rewards one with cheerful health and inner happiness.
Acharya Patanjali ‘s 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, powerful, digestive and endocrine systems and crowd other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs at which place Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the farthest bliss of God in samadhi through the disciplines of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and dharna.
Kanad (600 BCE)
Founder of Atomic Theory. As the institutor of “Vaisheshik Darshan” – unit of six principal philosophies of India – Acharya Kanad was a character in philosophy. He is believed to desire been born in Prabhas Kshetra approaching Dwarika in Gujarat. He was the pioneer interpreter of realism, law of causation and the inappreciable theory. He has classified all the objects of invention into nine elements, namely: earth, wet, light, wind, ether, time, space, design and soul. He says, “Every correlate of creation is made of atoms that in turn connect with each other to fashion molecules.” His statement ushered in the Atomic Theory because the first time ever in the globe, nearly 2,500 years before John Dalton . Kanad has in like manner described the dimension and motion of atoms and their chemical reactions by each other. The eminent historian, T.N. Colebrook , has said, “Compared to the scientists of Europe, Kanad and other Indian scientists were the global masters of this scene of military operations.”
Kapila (3000 BCE)
Called the Father of Cosmology. Acharya Kapil was born in 3000 BCE to the splendid sage Kardam and Devhuti. He besides gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering be in action threw light on the nature and principles of the bring into use Soul (Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of transformation of force and profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and the astute elements of the cosmos places him in an elite class of master achievers – transcendent to the discoveries of other cosmologists. On his support that Prakruti, with the inspiration of Purusha, is the source of cosmic creation and all energies.
He calculated the time taken through the earth to orbit the orb of day hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart; Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th hundred years) 365.258756484 days. Born in the murky village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra, Bhaskaracharya’s mathematical works called “Lilavati” and “Bijaganita” are considered to exist unparalleled. In his treatise “Siddhant Shiromani” he writes attached planetary positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical gear. In the “Surya Siddhant” he makes a short letter on the force of gravity: “Objects die on earth due to a cogency of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the natural order, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in cavity of the eye due to this attraction.” Bhaskaracharya was the in the ~ place to discover gravity, 500 years in front of Sir Isaac Newton.
Chanakya (370–283 BCE)
Chanakya or Vishnu Gupta or Kautilya (his gotra) was a instructor to the first Maurya Emperor Chandragupta – the rudimentary emperor in the archaeologically recorded relation to rule the complete Indian Subcontinent.
He authored the not modern. Indian political treatise called Arthasastra. Chanakya is considered viewed like the pioneer of the field of method of developing public wealth and political science and his act is thought of as an of influence precursor to Classical Economics. Chanakya’s works predate Machiavelli’s ~ the agency of about 1,800 years. Chanakya was a tutor in Takshashila, an ancient centre of attainments.
A Hindu philosopher who lived for the period of the reign of the Gupta Empire (4th – 6th hundred years AD), is believed to be the author of the Kama Sutra. In the side with chapter , Vatsyayana describes 64 kama-kalas, or ways to form love. These are not 64 positions, bound the categories of different modes of lovemaking, particularly ‘embracing, kissing, scratching, biting, the positions, moaning, the woman playing the man’s element, and oral sex.’ As harvested land of these modes of sex is supposed to acquire eight different particular manifestations, there are to this degree sixty-four ways in which a piece or woman could be said to have ~ing having sex in its broadest view. But kama-kalas are not reasonable tools for successful love making, they in like manner lie at the heart of what constitutes an educated man.
The noted poet and the author of the heroic Ramayana.
Panini (600 BCE)
Panini is known in opposition to his Sanskrit grammar, particularly for his formulation of the 3,959 rules of Sanskrit syntax and grammar known as Ashtadhyayi (“eight chapters”), the foundational paragraph of the grammatical branch of the Vedanga, the helpful scholarly disciplines of Vedic religion.
Nagarjuna (100 CE)
Born in the town of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh, his dedicated research produced maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of chemistry and metallurgy, like “Ras Ratnakar”, “Rashrudaya” and “Rasendramangal”. As the maker of medical books like “Arogyamanjari” and “Yogasar,” he furthermore made significant contributions to the field of curative medicine. He was appointed viewed like Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda.
One of the Saptarishis. He was the Maanasa-putra (“a brain child”) of Brahma. He possessed the sacred cow known as Kamadhenu and the Kamadhenu’s chit Nandini. Vashishtha is the author of more parts in the Rigveda.
An of eld rishi, a great philosopher of the Mimansa bring under subjection. He was the son of excursion rishi Parashara, and a disciple of Veda Vyasa.
Varahamihira (499-587 CE)
Varahamihir’s main division “panch siddhant”, noted that the satellite and planets are lustrous not as of their own light but owed to sunlight. In the “Bruhad Samhita” and “Bruhad Jatak”, he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography, cluster, science, botany and animal science. In his formal essay on botanical science, Varahamihir presents cures as being various diseases afflicting plants and trees.
Some of the other sages were:
Astika (the son of Manasa and Jaratkaru, the Vyasa of the twenty-seventh Dwapara)
Atri (A mythical scholar and a son of Brahma – a Sapta Rishi)
Bhrigu (One of the Saptarishis and some of the Prajapatis (and Maanasa Putra – a brain suckling) that Brahma created as facilitators of nomination)
Kraustuki (Markandeya’s disciple)
Kripacharya (every important character in the Mahabharata; individual of the Chiranjivin (the “immortals”).
Marichi (The son of Brahma and moreover one of the Saptarishis)
Narada (A divine sage (son of Brahma) in the Vaishnava delivery)
Paráshara (A Rigvedic Maharishi and inventor of many ancient Indian texts. He was the grandson of Vasishtha and the original of some verses in the Rigveda)
Prahlada (amahajana – that is, a “famed devotee”, in the puranic Vaishnava traditions).
Pulatsya (One of the ten Prajapatis – sons of Brahma, and human being of the Saptarishis. He was the abstract vibration through the power of what one. some texts of the Puranas were written)
Shukra (son of Bhrigu)
Vaishampayana (the exemplar teacher of the Black Yajur-Veda)
Yajnavalkya (A legendary ancient sage, a pupil of Vaishampayana)
There are single notable female rishikas who contributed to the composition of the Vedic scriptures. The Rig Veda mentions Romasha, Lopamudra, Apala, Kadru, Visvavara, Ghosha, Juhu, Vagambhrini, Paulomi, Yami, Indrani, Savitri, and Devajami. The Sama Veda adds Nodha, Akrishtabhasha, Sikatanivavari and Gaupayana.
India’s other contributions to the creation:
India’s greatest gift to Humanity – Mathematical innovations hold ZERO; use of DECIMAL NUMBERS and DICE.
Budhayana explained in the 6th centenary, the concept of what is known to the degree that the Pythagorean Theorem, long before the European mathematicians.
Algebra, trigonometry and gravel came from India; Quadratic equations were ~ the agency of Sridharacharya in the 11th century; The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were (10 to the host of 6) whereas Hindus used poetry as big as (10 to the spirit of 53) with specific names at the same time that early as 5000 BC during the Vedic cycle. Even today, the largest used reckon is Tera 1012 (10 to the strength of 12).
By 1,500 BC, Indians used figures like adjust, circle, rectangle, angles, triangle, fractions, algebraic formulae and astronomy and ontology.
The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindh 6000 years ago. The actual word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is moreover derived from Sanskrit ‘Nou’.
The earliest receptacle and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra. According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 BC a beauteous lake called ‘Sudarshana’ was constructed up~ the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya’s time.
Originated in India – Pharmacology, brain surgery, medicament, artificial colors and glazes, metallurgy, re-crystallization, chemistry, textile production, hydraulic engineering, water powered devices, etc.
There are exclusive success stories like Rabindranath Tagore (1913 Nobel Prize in Literature), CV Raman (1930 Nobel guerdon for Raman effect), JC Bose’s finding of microwaves by 1895 and Prof. Jagdeesh Bose (USA based IEEE has proved that which has been a century-old guess in the world scientific community that the pioneer of Wireless converse was not Marconi).
Drug Administration” (FDA) of the United States Government held a common hearing on “Plan B” and recommended fabrication it available over the counter destitute of a prescription.